颜子淇 / 幸福学堂高二
Book review–Crime and punishment
Written by:Johnny Yan
Title:Crime and punishment
Author:[Russian] Fyodor Dostoevsky
First of all, I did not read the whole novel. But it is clear that I will finish this novel in the future because this novel became my favorite reading material currently.
In the course of reading this novel, this writing reminds me another book which has a huge impact on me — Antichrist by German writer Nitzsch. However, it is not a novel. In my point of view, this novel will be more reasonable to be compared with Island, which was written by British writer Heath Victoria. Crime and punishment had narrated a story of a poverty collage student, Island had narrated a story of the Isle of leprosy in the period of World War II. Two novels had formed an atmosphere of depression, terse language, and the whole book has a kind of melancholy tranquility. But in my point if view, the difference between those two works are the depth came through lines. Furthermore, it is more noticeable to metaphor them as different genres of music. Island presents it self as a pop music. Generally the same arrangement if people compare it with other pop songs, pleasant to listen to, but not deep enough to make readers meditate after they finish their reading process. In contrast, Crime and punishment turned into a symphony from Gustav Mahler: A deep distant voice of cellos composed the keynote of life and death, then, violins and horns embellishments a slice flickering hope in the darkness. I’m not pretend myself as an elegant person, me personally have a strong aversion to such people. I merely said my thoughts. When I was listening symphony as I was reading this book, I felt words on the paper and those music notes are echoed and common.
Back to the book, in the second chapter of first volume , when Rascoe Nikov went to that pub, Ma Melato begun a monologue which influence me to think deeply for two days, especially “ He(God) will forgive all the kind and evil.” This line brought me into moral question: if all of those kind and evil are able to be forgive, why should I be a ‘ individual who brings positive impact to others?’ What is the purpose to be tolerate? What essentially dose “moral” means? Is the morality of human really presented the moral of God? Is God moral?
Soon, I started searching for clues, I found a work which written by an emperor of ancient Rome Marco Aurelius this work is called Meditation. Marco was one of the representatives of the Stoics. In meditation, he mentioned repeatedly about a human’s internal and external gods. He thought the external God(Zeus), which could be understand as a force from outside, had left some of the divinity (Marco considered it as rationality.) into human body, then people are be able to have a “inner God”. I personally agree with this view, however, I also thought that the “inner God” is not entirely rationality. In my point of view, in addition to rationality, “conscience” is also a significant part of “inner God”. “conscience” is the basic of “morality”, this standpoint has been proposed by an ancient Chinese saint called Wang Yangming in 15th century. Morality is the reason why people will feel anger and compassion if they saw a person were attacking a homeless man. In my opinion, when “conscience” gave us a standard as a human being, and on the other hand,“rationality” gave us a guide of our directions(were are people heading to).
Let’s focus on first volume chapter 7. When Rascoe Nikov was going to murder the old woman–which she is the landlord of Rascoe Nikov–the paragraph of the writing technique that how dose Dostoevsky portray the inner moral struggle of him. It is a technique of observation and self-contemplation. When an author is writing a narrative novel approximate to Crime and punishment , few of people could be able to makes readers felt the same way how dose that character was feeling. Further more, most of people degenerated their sensitivity in modern society, it is very easy for people to forget things are actually significant in their life.,their imagination was worn down. Back to the book, when I was reading this paragraph, I felt a joyful, it is a joy of delighted by the fluency of this paragraph. Unlike the experience of Harry Potter’s reading experience, Crime and punishment is be able to provide me a immersion reading experience, just like a fish jumped into the ocean. More than this, I could not even remember that I was reading a novel.
Now I want to talk about the motivation of this murder. The reason why is when Rascoe Nikov was hearing a conversation of people with different identities, one of them mentioned the idea of murder this old lady, because her own lots of wealth(compare to them). They thought she has no social responsibility, because she could afford massive of young people to get a better education. There is an old Chinese saying : “Rob the rich and assist the poor”.
Then, this is a discuss of humanity. This conversation indirectly end the old woman’s life. Such a interest thing–humanity. When a human being owns those powers that most of people don’t have, or they had no power to decide their faith, in other words, people usually over thinking they were be in a certain condition: on the top(owns powers that most people don’t have),or in the bottom of the society(has no power). For example, the Jewish Massacre by Nazis. It is extremely dreadful when a person contained too much power. It makes them in a corner of self cognition. From another perspective, it is the same when a group of people who lives in the bottom society trying to fight for their right. It cause the case of murder in this novel, they considered them self as a group should be relief by the others.
Overall, the most precious thing that I’ve searched during the time I was reading this novel is to recognition the meaning of “Book” it self, “book” now becoming a medium for me to self-examination and meditation. After this winter vacation, I frequently put my self i the topic of “Who I am”, and what is my value to being a part of seven billion people in this world. To be able to observing my self , that is what I have learned from this book.